Wouter Jan de Graaf

Wouter Jan de Graaf is a recent graduate from MGIMO University in Moscow. He is currently based in the Netherlands.

A Hot Conflict Turned Frozen in the South Caucasus, Again
A Hot Conflict Frozen in the South Caucasus, Again

At midnight Moscow time on November 10, the ceasefire signed by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Russia took effect, ending the 2020 war on Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh) in which thousands of unnecessary deaths on both sides occurred.

What UN Security Council Resolutions Say about Nagorno-Karabakh, and What They Don’t Say
What UN Security Council Resolutions Say about Nagorno-Karabakh, and What They Don’t Say

Azerbaijan and Armenia interpret the UN resolutions concerning Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh) very differently. Both interpretations are incorrect.

Russian Cynicism Perpetuates the Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict
Russian Cynicism Perpetuates the Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict

Why is the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict still considered “frozen”? Simply put, the conflict’s continuation is in Russia’s interests.