Ottoman Empire

Erdogan’s Fury over the Arab-Israel Relationship
Erdogan’s Fury over the Arab-Israel Relationship

The normalization between the Arabs and Israelis diminishes Turkey’s role as the chief mediator between Israel and the Muslim world, so Erdogan’s anguish probably comes from fear of an “Arab option.”

The Untold Story of Syrian Kurdish Christians

The story of Kurdish Christians and all other religious minorities in the Middle East is one of great suffering, but it is also a story of survival and great resilience. Fortunately, there is time to save northeast Syria as a refuge for these communities, but only if the international community offers immediate support.

Implications of the Hagia Sophia’s Conversion to a Mosque

Hagia Sophia’s conversion is the culmination of Erdoğan’s long campaign to transform Turkey into a neo-Ottoman empire.

Where Statues of Slavers and Imperialists Still Stand in the Middle East
Where Statues of Slavers and Imperialists Still Stand in the Middle East

The Middle East is not overloaded with statues of historic figures, but they do exist. Some are of imperialists and slavers.

Christians Under Assault: The Reverberations of the Armenian Genocide
Christians Under Assault: The Reverberations of the Armenian Genocide

Embattled Christian communities throughout the Middle East still feel the reverberations of the Armenian Genocide.

Palestinian Christian Educator Khalil Sakakini and His Dream of a Secular State
Palestinian Christian Educator Khalil Sakakini and His Dream of a Secular State

A Palestinian Christian educator, Khalil Sakakini (1887 – 1953) advocated for Arab nationalism and secularism in Palestine, even though his fellow Palestinians harassed him for his faith.

Islam and the West: Reflecting on Nicholson and Hamid’s Recent Conversation.
Islam and the West: Reflecting on Nicholson and Hamid’s Recent Conversation

Robert Nicholson and Shadi Hamid’s conversation addresses questions about the West and the Muslim world in a modern context, but it also contributes to debates that have been going on for centuries.

Turkey’s Long Persecution Against Pontian Christians
Turkey’s Long Persecution Against Pontian Christians

Ninety-five years have passed since the Pontian Genocide, but the Turkish government continues to erase the few remaining Christian religious and cultural artifacts in the region.

Religion in Russian Geopolitical Strategy
Religion in Russian Geopolitical Strategy

As daunting as it may be, closing the God gap is a necessary step to improving communication with Russia and other important actors in international affairs.