Treaty of Westphalia

Ancient Tragedy Returns to Foreign Policy: Book Review of Hal Brands and Charles Edel The Lessons of Tragedy
Ancient Tragedy Returns to Foreign Policy: Review of Brands and Edel’s The Lessons of Tragedy

Did the American people lose their sense of tragedy after the Soviet Union fell, or is something else afoot?

The Nation-State as Guarantor of the Protestant Religion
The Nation-State as Guarantor of the Protestant Religion

The nation-state emerged in Western Europe out of the Wars of Religion as a tool of the Protestant movements.

Should Christians Support Deploying Diplomats Instead of Troops?
Should Christians Support Deploying Diplomats Instead of Troops?

American Christians should advocate for exhaustive attempts at diplomacy before endorsing US policies that produce further conflict and chaos.

Lessons from the Past: The Thirty Years’ War, 400 Years Later
Lessons from the Past: The Thirty Years’ War, 400 Years Later

Four hundred years ago, the Second Defenestration of Prague occurred when a Protestant mob threw the Austrian emperor’s representatives out of a castle window. The Bohemians then started the Thirty Years’ War, which changed the course of world history and led to today’s nation-state world order.

Past Religious Conflict Still Haunts Middle East
Past Religious Conflict Still Haunts Middle East

War and religious conflict in the 1600s between Ottomans and Persians still have consequences for politics and beliefs in the Middle East today.