Herbert Butterfield

C. S. Lewis was Right on History

Mark Tooley has misunderstood CS Lewis’s philosophy of history, missing that Lewis was, in fact, right on history.

George Kennan: Cold War America’s Intellectual-in-Chief

George Kennan was among the greatest American foreign policy minds of the 20th century

Christian Realism vis-à-vis the Liberalism of Fear: Thoughts on Samuel Moyn’s “Liberalism Against Itself”

Herbert Butterfield and Reinhold Niebuhr, the two great 20th-Century Christian Realists, must be essential to a recovery of liberalism

In Defense of Cold War Liberalism 

Hard to imagine why Yale University Press would publish Samuel Moyn’s new book when its narrative is so detached from reality

Herbert Butterfield’s Antinuclear Christian Realism

Herbert Butterfield, despite having been one of the world’s foremost Christian Realists, was deeply conflicted on nuclear arms.

Neville Chamberlain declaring peace in his time: September 30, 1938
The Folly of Wishful Thinking Idealism: the Indwelling Sin of All Men

Wishful Thinking Idealism, unlike Christian Realism, believes that everyone, even competition, is fundamentally reasonable.

Evangelicals & Whiggery

The world gets better and at sundry times through the action of people who did not realize what they were doing.”    

C. S. Lewis Was Wrong on History

Butterfield did not offer us Christian apologetics, but he did offer a Christian understanding of history far more appealing than Lewis’s dismissal of the project.     

Christian Realism vs Cynicism & Idealism

How do Christian Realism, Christian idealism and Christian cynicism approach the Ukraine War?

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