Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Erdogan’s Fury over the Arab-Israel Relationship
Erdogan’s Fury over the Arab-Israel Relationship

The normalization between the Arabs and Israelis diminishes Turkey’s role as the chief mediator between Israel and the Muslim world, so Erdogan’s anguish probably comes from fear of an “Arab option.”

Implications of the Hagia Sophia’s Conversion to a Mosque

Hagia Sophia’s conversion is the culmination of Erdoğan’s long campaign to transform Turkey into a neo-Ottoman empire.

Christians Under Assault: The Reverberations of the Armenian Genocide
Christians Under Assault: The Reverberations of the Armenian Genocide

Embattled Christian communities throughout the Middle East still feel the reverberations of the Armenian Genocide.

Turkey’s Long Persecution Against Pontian Christians
Turkey’s Long Persecution Against Pontian Christians

Ninety-five years have passed since the Pontian Genocide, but the Turkish government continues to erase the few remaining Christian religious and cultural artifacts in the region.

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