Christian Nikolaus Braun

Christian Nikolaus Braun is a senior lecturer in defence and international affairs at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. He is also a visiting fellow of the Institute of Political Science at the University of Luxembourg. Christian received his PhD in international relations from Durham University, UK. His primary area of research is the ethics of war, with a particular focus on the just war tradition. At the moment, Christian is working on a research monograph on the moral framework of jus ad vim (the just use of force-short-of-war). His research has been published in several peer-reviewed journals, including International Relations, the Journal of Catholic Social Thought, the Journal of International Political Theory, and the Journal of Military Ethics.

The arguments in this article are those of the author alone and they are not necessarily those of the UK Ministry of Defence.

Twitter: @ChristianBraun

The Virtuous Ruler: Hildegard of Bingen and the Question of Political Authority in Just War
The Virtuous Ruler: Hildegard of Bingen and the Question of Authority in Just War

For Hildegard, rulers who blatantly violate the virtuous example set by Christ lose their authority to rule. Following from that, an unvirtuous ruler would necessarily fail to be a right authority that can legitimately wage war.