Reinhold Niebuhr

Hamiltonian Foreign Policy and the Pursuit of Justice

Foreign policy does not have to be driven by altruism to be moral. Instead, they are the natural product of a mature prudence and prioritization of the national interest.

A Coalition of the Past: A Review of The Strategy of Denial

A Critical Review of The Strategy of Denial: American Defense in an Age of Great Power Conflict by Elbridge Colby, Yale University Press, 2021. 

The Danger of Revolutionary Idealism: the Violence of Collectivism

The Rise of Violent, Revolutionary Ideology in the 20th Century and its Christian Realist Tonic.

Neville Chamberlain declaring peace in his time: September 30, 1938
The Folly of Wishful Thinking Idealism: the Indwelling Sin of All Men

Wishful Thinking Idealism, unlike Christian Realism, believes that everyone, even competition, is fundamentally reasonable.

Heroism and Collectivism: Ukraine and Russia’s Diverging Strategies of Warfare

if the flooding of the frontlines by unprepared new recruits results in exorbitant Russian casualties, the true effect may be to make Russia’s armed forces look weaker than ever.

One Less Irony

Niebuhr realized that an overweening faith in the powers of human rationality was a severely misplaced and perpetual threat which has reemerged in 2022 America. 

Christian Realism and Enlightened Self-Interest as the Marshall Plan Emerges
Christian Realism and Enlightened Self-Interest as the Marshall Plan Emerged

The economic aid which is required could not be a matter of pure generosity. Nations as nations are incapable of such generosity.

Five Impressions on Niebuhr and Co., 1945–47

From 1945 to 1947 as the United States and Soviet Union moved toward the Cold War, Christian realists writing for Reinhold Niebuhr’s journal, Christianity and Crisis, responded to global dilemmas. Here are five impressions of those articles, along with lessons for today.

Niebuhr’s European Impressions: From Truman Doctrine to State Churches
Niebuhr’s European Impressions: From Truman Doctrine to State Churches

After traveling through Europe in 1947—including to Scotland, Amsterdam, and Switzerland—Reinhold Niebuhr wrote some reflections, including on state churches, the Truman Doctrine, Christian political parties, and more.