Libya

Implications of the Hagia Sophia’s Conversion to a Mosque

Hagia Sophia’s conversion is the culmination of Erdoğan’s long campaign to transform Turkey into a neo-Ottoman empire.

COVID-19 and Future World Order
COVID-19 and Future World Order

While it is still too early to ascertain the COVID-19 pandemic’s damage to our country and the world, it is already evident that the crisis will result in structural changes within and among countries.

Violence against Nigerian Christians Risks Destabilizing West Africa
Violence against Nigerian Christians Risks Destabilizing West Africa

The violence against Nigerian Christians has recently entered a new, deadlier phase. Unless conditions on the ground change, Nigeria’s Middle Belt Christians face death or expulsion in many areas.

Africa in 2020

Each African state faces its unique prospects and challenges heading into the new decade. Nevertheless, there are common themes and transnational trends we may expect to shape the continent in the new year and beyond.

THE ROLE OF MORALITY IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS
The Role of Morality in International Politics

What is the role of moral values in the conduct of foreign relations? Although many answers have been given, three major traditions predominate: realism, idealism, and principled realism.

Should the US Become Involved in Libya, Again?
Should the US Become Involved in Libya, Again?

General Khalifa Haftar’s Libya National Army (LNA) is inching its way closer to Tripoli, as fighting continues against the Government of National Accord (GNA), led by Fayez al-Sarraj.

Legitimate Authority & Just War
Legitimate Authority and Just War

Just war theorists should agree that war must be waged according to the rule of law if it is to be considered an exercise of “legitimate authority.” The American system, with its marbling of war powers between the executive and legislative branches, usually requires authorization based on the deliberative consent of the popular will expressed through the people’s representatives in Congress.

Withdrawal Symptoms: Part 2 of the Decline of Democracy Series
Withdrawal Symptoms: Part 2 of the Decline of Democracy Series

When it comes to democracy promotion, it seems the Obama-Trump era is the aberration.

NATO Compass, Izmir, Turkey
NATO Takes the Fifth

What does NATO need to do going forward? The short answer: more and less.