Libya

Africa in 2020

Each African state faces its unique prospects and challenges heading into the new decade. Nevertheless, there are common themes and transnational trends we may expect to shape the continent in the new year and beyond.

THE ROLE OF MORALITY IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS
The Role of Morality in International Politics

What is the role of moral values in the conduct of foreign relations? Although many answers have been given, three…

Should the US Become Involved in Libya, Again?
Should the US Become Involved in Libya, Again?

General Khalifa Haftar’s Libya National Army (LNA) is inching its way closer to Tripoli, as fighting continues against the Government of National Accord (GNA), led by Fayez al-Sarraj.

Legitimate Authority & Just War
Legitimate Authority and Just War

Just war theorists should agree that war must be waged according to the rule of law if it is to be considered an exercise of “legitimate authority.” The American system, with its marbling of war powers between the executive and legislative branches, usually requires authorization based on the deliberative consent of the popular will expressed through the people’s representatives in Congress.

Withdrawal Symptoms: Part 2 of the Decline of Democracy Series
Withdrawal Symptoms: Part 2 of the Decline of Democracy Series

When it comes to democracy promotion, it seems the Obama-Trump era is the aberration.

NATO Compass, Izmir, Turkey
NATO Takes the Fifth

What does NATO need to do going forward? The short answer: more and less.

Addressing Africa’s Ills Requires More than Military Force
Addressing Africa’s Ills Requires More than Military Force

To fight the twin plagues of instability and terrorism, America needs Africa to be healthier, freer, and more stable, and that means Africa needs more than just military equipment and military training from America.

How Do Copts Endure Their Martyrdoms?
How Do Copts Endure Their Martyrdoms?

The Coptic Orthodox Church’s liturgy featuring daily readings from the Synaxarium about celebrated saints and martyrs encourage the faithful to suffer even unto death.

The Spirit and the Body in War
The Spirit and the Body in War

This article about the tools necessary to defeat Nazi Germany and the Axis Powers was originally published in Christianity and Crisis on August 10, 1942.  Examining the relationship between ideals and power throughout history, editor Reinhold Niebuhr argues the importance of discerning and then actualizing, the Allied Powers’ potential power. Conversely, he advocates against succumbing to the belief that Nazi defeat is inevitable.